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list.h

/*
 * Copyright (C) 2007 Oracle.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public
 * License v2 as published by the Free Software Foundation.
 *
 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 * General Public License for more details.
 *
 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public
 * License along with this program; if not, write to the
 * Free Software Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
 * Boston, MA 021110-1307, USA.
 */

#ifndef _LINUX_LIST_H
#define _LINUX_LIST_H

#define LIST_POISON1  ((void *) 0x00100100)
#define LIST_POISON2  ((void *) 0x00200200)

/*
 * Simple doubly linked list implementation.
 *
 * Some of the internal functions ("__xxx") are useful when
 * manipulating whole lists rather than single entries, as
 * sometimes we already know the next/prev entries and we can
 * generate better code by using them directly rather than
 * using the generic single-entry routines.
 */

00035 struct list_head {
      struct list_head *next, *prev;
};

#define LIST_HEAD_INIT(name) { &(name), &(name) }

#define LIST_HEAD(name) \
      struct list_head name = LIST_HEAD_INIT(name)

static inline void INIT_LIST_HEAD(struct list_head *list)
{
      list->next = list;
      list->prev = list;
}

/*
 * Insert a new entry between two known consecutive entries.
 *
 * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know
 * the prev/next entries already!
 */
#ifndef CONFIG_DEBUG_LIST
static inline void __list_add(struct list_head *new,
                        struct list_head *prev,
                        struct list_head *next)
{
      next->prev = new;
      new->next = next;
      new->prev = prev;
      prev->next = new;
}
#else
extern void __list_add(struct list_head *new,
                        struct list_head *prev,
                        struct list_head *next);
#endif

/**
 * list_add - add a new entry
 * @new: new entry to be added
 * @head: list head to add it after
 *
 * Insert a new entry after the specified head.
 * This is good for implementing stacks.
 */
#ifndef CONFIG_DEBUG_LIST
static inline void list_add(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head)
{
      __list_add(new, head, head->next);
}
#else
extern void list_add(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head);
#endif


/**
 * list_add_tail - add a new entry
 * @new: new entry to be added
 * @head: list head to add it before
 *
 * Insert a new entry before the specified head.
 * This is useful for implementing queues.
 */
static inline void list_add_tail(struct list_head *new, struct list_head *head)
{
      __list_add(new, head->prev, head);
}

/*
 * Delete a list entry by making the prev/next entries
 * point to each other.
 *
 * This is only for internal list manipulation where we know
 * the prev/next entries already!
 */
static inline void __list_del(struct list_head * prev, struct list_head * next)
{
      next->prev = prev;
      prev->next = next;
}

/**
 * list_del - deletes entry from list.
 * @entry: the element to delete from the list.
 * Note: list_empty on entry does not return true after this, the entry is
 * in an undefined state.
 */
#ifndef CONFIG_DEBUG_LIST
static inline void list_del(struct list_head *entry)
{
      __list_del(entry->prev, entry->next);
      entry->next = LIST_POISON1;
      entry->prev = LIST_POISON2;
}
#else
extern void list_del(struct list_head *entry);
#endif

/**
 * list_replace - replace old entry by new one
 * @old : the element to be replaced
 * @new : the new element to insert
 * Note: if 'old' was empty, it will be overwritten.
 */
static inline void list_replace(struct list_head *old,
                        struct list_head *new)
{
      new->next = old->next;
      new->next->prev = new;
      new->prev = old->prev;
      new->prev->next = new;
}

static inline void list_replace_init(struct list_head *old,
                              struct list_head *new)
{
      list_replace(old, new);
      INIT_LIST_HEAD(old);
}
/**
 * list_del_init - deletes entry from list and reinitialize it.
 * @entry: the element to delete from the list.
 */
static inline void list_del_init(struct list_head *entry)
{
      __list_del(entry->prev, entry->next);
      INIT_LIST_HEAD(entry);
}

/**
 * list_move - delete from one list and add as another's head
 * @list: the entry to move
 * @head: the head that will precede our entry
 */
static inline void list_move(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head)
{
        __list_del(list->prev, list->next);
        list_add(list, head);
}

/**
 * list_move_tail - delete from one list and add as another's tail
 * @list: the entry to move
 * @head: the head that will follow our entry
 */
static inline void list_move_tail(struct list_head *list,
                          struct list_head *head)
{
        __list_del(list->prev, list->next);
        list_add_tail(list, head);
}

/**
 * list_is_last - tests whether @list is the last entry in list @head
 * @list: the entry to test
 * @head: the head of the list
 */
static inline int list_is_last(const struct list_head *list,
                        const struct list_head *head)
{
      return list->next == head;
}

/**
 * list_empty - tests whether a list is empty
 * @head: the list to test.
 */
static inline int list_empty(const struct list_head *head)
{
      return head->next == head;
}

/**
 * list_empty_careful - tests whether a list is empty and not being modified
 * @head: the list to test
 *
 * Description:
 * tests whether a list is empty _and_ checks that no other CPU might be
 * in the process of modifying either member (next or prev)
 *
 * NOTE: using list_empty_careful() without synchronization
 * can only be safe if the only activity that can happen
 * to the list entry is list_del_init(). Eg. it cannot be used
 * if another CPU could re-list_add() it.
 */
static inline int list_empty_careful(const struct list_head *head)
{
      struct list_head *next = head->next;
      return (next == head) && (next == head->prev);
}

static inline void __list_splice(struct list_head *list,
                         struct list_head *head)
{
      struct list_head *first = list->next;
      struct list_head *last = list->prev;
      struct list_head *at = head->next;

      first->prev = head;
      head->next = first;

      last->next = at;
      at->prev = last;
}

/**
 * list_splice - join two lists
 * @list: the new list to add.
 * @head: the place to add it in the first list.
 */
static inline void list_splice(struct list_head *list, struct list_head *head)
{
      if (!list_empty(list))
            __list_splice(list, head);
}

/**
 * list_splice_init - join two lists and reinitialise the emptied list.
 * @list: the new list to add.
 * @head: the place to add it in the first list.
 *
 * The list at @list is reinitialised
 */
static inline void list_splice_init(struct list_head *list,
                            struct list_head *head)
{
      if (!list_empty(list)) {
            __list_splice(list, head);
            INIT_LIST_HEAD(list);
      }
}

/**
 * list_entry - get the struct for this entry
 * @ptr:    the &struct list_head pointer.
 * @type:   the type of the struct this is embedded in.
 * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct.
 */
#define list_entry(ptr, type, member) \
      container_of(ptr, type, member)

/**
 * list_for_each  -     iterate over a list
 * @pos:    the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor.
 * @head:   the head for your list.
 */
#define list_for_each(pos, head) \
      for (pos = (head)->next; pos != (head); \
            pos = pos->next)

/**
 * __list_for_each      -     iterate over a list
 * @pos:    the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor.
 * @head:   the head for your list.
 *
 * This variant differs from list_for_each() in that it's the
 * simplest possible list iteration code, no prefetching is done.
 * Use this for code that knows the list to be very short (empty
 * or 1 entry) most of the time.
 */
#define __list_for_each(pos, head) \
      for (pos = (head)->next; pos != (head); pos = pos->next)

/**
 * list_for_each_prev   -     iterate over a list backwards
 * @pos:    the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor.
 * @head:   the head for your list.
 */
#define list_for_each_prev(pos, head) \
      for (pos = (head)->prev; pos != (head); \
            pos = pos->prev)

/**
 * list_for_each_safe - iterate over a list safe against removal of list entry
 * @pos:    the &struct list_head to use as a loop cursor.
 * @n:            another &struct list_head to use as temporary storage
 * @head:   the head for your list.
 */
#define list_for_each_safe(pos, n, head) \
      for (pos = (head)->next, n = pos->next; pos != (head); \
            pos = n, n = pos->next)

/**
 * list_for_each_entry  -     iterate over list of given type
 * @pos:    the type * to use as a loop cursor.
 * @head:   the head for your list.
 * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct.
 */
#define list_for_each_entry(pos, head, member)                    \
      for (pos = list_entry((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member);  \
           &pos->member != (head);  \
           pos = list_entry(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member))

/**
 * list_for_each_entry_reverse - iterate backwards over list of given type.
 * @pos:    the type * to use as a loop cursor.
 * @head:   the head for your list.
 * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct.
 */
#define list_for_each_entry_reverse(pos, head, member)                  \
      for (pos = list_entry((head)->prev, typeof(*pos), member);  \
           &pos->member != (head);  \
           pos = list_entry(pos->member.prev, typeof(*pos), member))

/**
 * list_prepare_entry - prepare a pos entry for use in list_for_each_entry_continue
 * @pos:    the type * to use as a start point
 * @head:   the head of the list
 * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct.
 *
 * Prepares a pos entry for use as a start point in list_for_each_entry_continue.
 */
#define list_prepare_entry(pos, head, member) \
      ((pos) ? : list_entry(head, typeof(*pos), member))

/**
 * list_for_each_entry_continue - continue iteration over list of given type
 * @pos:    the type * to use as a loop cursor.
 * @head:   the head for your list.
 * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct.
 *
 * Continue to iterate over list of given type, continuing after
 * the current position.
 */
#define list_for_each_entry_continue(pos, head, member)           \
      for (pos = list_entry(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member);    \
           &pos->member != (head);  \
           pos = list_entry(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member))

/**
 * list_for_each_entry_from - iterate over list of given type from the current point
 * @pos:    the type * to use as a loop cursor.
 * @head:   the head for your list.
 * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct.
 *
 * Iterate over list of given type, continuing from current position.
 */
#define list_for_each_entry_from(pos, head, member)               \
      for (; &pos->member != (head);      \
           pos = list_entry(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member))

/**
 * list_for_each_entry_safe - iterate over list of given type safe against removal of list entry
 * @pos:    the type * to use as a loop cursor.
 * @n:            another type * to use as temporary storage
 * @head:   the head for your list.
 * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct.
 */
#define list_for_each_entry_safe(pos, n, head, member)                  \
      for (pos = list_entry((head)->next, typeof(*pos), member),  \
            n = list_entry(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member);     \
           &pos->member != (head);                          \
           pos = n, n = list_entry(n->member.next, typeof(*n), member))

/**
 * list_for_each_entry_safe_continue
 * @pos:    the type * to use as a loop cursor.
 * @n:            another type * to use as temporary storage
 * @head:   the head for your list.
 * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct.
 *
 * Iterate over list of given type, continuing after current point,
 * safe against removal of list entry.
 */
#define list_for_each_entry_safe_continue(pos, n, head, member)         \
      for (pos = list_entry(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member),          \
            n = list_entry(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member);           \
           &pos->member != (head);                                \
           pos = n, n = list_entry(n->member.next, typeof(*n), member))

/**
 * list_for_each_entry_safe_from
 * @pos:    the type * to use as a loop cursor.
 * @n:            another type * to use as temporary storage
 * @head:   the head for your list.
 * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct.
 *
 * Iterate over list of given type from current point, safe against
 * removal of list entry.
 */
#define list_for_each_entry_safe_from(pos, n, head, member)                   \
      for (n = list_entry(pos->member.next, typeof(*pos), member);            \
           &pos->member != (head);                                \
           pos = n, n = list_entry(n->member.next, typeof(*n), member))

/**
 * list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse
 * @pos:    the type * to use as a loop cursor.
 * @n:            another type * to use as temporary storage
 * @head:   the head for your list.
 * @member: the name of the list_struct within the struct.
 *
 * Iterate backwards over list of given type, safe against removal
 * of list entry.
 */
#define list_for_each_entry_safe_reverse(pos, n, head, member)          \
      for (pos = list_entry((head)->prev, typeof(*pos), member),  \
            n = list_entry(pos->member.prev, typeof(*pos), member);     \
           &pos->member != (head);                          \
           pos = n, n = list_entry(n->member.prev, typeof(*n), member))

#endif

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